Indo-European Phonological Inventory Database

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Old Church Slavonic

Family: Slavic

Region: Southern Slavic Areas

Time: 9th-11th century C.E.


Labial Dental Palatal Velar
Voiceless stop p t k
Voiced stop b d g
Voiceless affricate tsʲ tʃ
Voiced affricate dz
Voiceless fricative s sʲ ʃ x
Voiced fricative v z ʒ
Nasal m n
Tap r
Lateral l
Approximant j


Front Central Back
High i ĭ ɨ u ŭ
Mid e ẽ o õ
Low æ a


  1. The front low vowel /æ/ corresponds to ⟨Ѣ⟩ in Cyrillic. It is transcribed in the litterature as ä or ě and its phonetic realization varied from [ɛ] to [ja], according to the region.


Comrie, Bernard. 1993. The Slavonic Languages (Routledge Language Family Descriptions). London: Routledge.
Kamčatnov, A. M. 2000. Staroslavjanskij jazyk. Kurs lekcij, 2nd edn. “Flinta”: “Nauka”-Moskva.
Lunt, Horace G. 2001. Old Church Slavonic Grammar. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Remnëva M. L. 2004. Staroslavjanskij Jazyk. Moskva: Akademičeskij proekt.
Vojlova, K. A. 2003. Staroslavjanskij Jazyk: Posobie dlja vuzov. Moscow: Drofa.


Tommaso Claudi
Erica Pinelli

Credits: apnetwork