Indo-European Phonological Inventory Database

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Old Lithuanian

Family: Baltic

Region: Baltic region

Time: 16th century C.E.

Consonants

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Voiceless stop p pʲ t k kʲ
Voiced stop b bʲ d g gʲ
Voiceless affricate ts tsʲ tʃ tʃʲ
Voiced affricate dz dzʲ dʒ dʒʲ
Voiceless fricative s sʲ ʃ ʃʲ
Voiced fricative v vʲ z zʲ ʒ ʒʲ
Nasal m mʲ n nʲ
Lateral l lʲ
Trill r rʲ
Approximant j

Vowels

Front Central Back
High i iː u uː
Mid
Low ɛ æː a aː

Notes

  1. The short vowels /i, u/ are phonetically described as lax [ɪ, ʊ].
  2. The long vowel /aː/ is phonetically described as a back vowel [ɑː].

    1. Bibliography

      Dini, Pietro Umberto. 1997. Le lingue baltiche. Firenze: La Nuova Italia.
      Girdernis, Aleksas. 2001. Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos fonologija ir morfonologija, in Id., Kalbotyros darbai, III. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybų institutas, pp. 200-242.
      Mathiassen, Terje. 1996. A Short Grammar of Lithuanian. Columbus: Slavica Publishers.

      Author

      Adriano Cerri

      Credits: apnetwork