Indo-European Phonological Inventory Database

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Old Norse

Family: Germanic

Region: Nordic countries

Time: until 1300 C.E.


Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Voiceless stop p t k
Voiced stop b d g
Voiceless fricative f θ s h
Nasal m n
Lateral l
Trill r
Approximant w j


Front Back
Close i iː y yː u uː
Close-mid ɛ eː œ øː o oː
Open-mid ɔ ɔː
Open æː a aː


Gordon, Eric V. and A.R. Taylor. 1981. Introduction to Old Norse. Oxford: Clarendon Press.


Stefano Coretta

Credits: apnetwork